Occidental is the second-largest oil producer offshore Qatar, where we operate Idd El Shargi North Dome (ISND), located approximately 50 miles east of the Qatar peninsula, and Idd El Shargi South Dome (ISSD), about 15 miles south of ISND. For two decades, Occidental has worked in close cooperation with Qatar Petroleum to develop and operate offshore oilfields.
After assuming operation of ISND in 1994, Occidental increased production through extensive horizontal drilling, waterflooding and multilateral production. We continue to improve recovery rates and add new reserves through state-of-the-art reservoir characterization processes and technical development programs.
Dolphin Gas Project
Occidental also participates in the Dolphin Gas Project, the premier transborder gas project in the Middle East, which supplies natural gas produced in Qatar to customers in the United Arab Emirates and Oman.
Occidental has a 24.5 percent undivided interest in the development and production of the project in Qatar's North Field, one of the world's largest gas reservoirs. The Dolphin Gas Project, which became fully operational in 2007, has had a significant impact in the region and is expected to be a steady contributor to Occidental's financial performance for a quarter-century.
Dolphin Energy in which Occidental has a 24.5 percent interest, is a development company established in Abu Dhabi to implement the Dolphin Gas Project. Dolphin Energy processes gas produced from wells offshore Qatar at the onshore plant in Ras Laffan, Qatar, the biggest initial-build gas plant ever built. This massive plant processes approximately 2.5 billion cubic feet of natural gas and liquids per day. The gas is transported through a 48-inch-diameter, 230-mile-long subsea pipeline — one of the longest long-bore subsea pipelines in the world — to markets in the United Arab Emirates and Oman. The pipeline has the capacity to transport up to 3.2 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day.