Water Withdrawal

Occidental strives to limit water withdrawal, especially from potable and freshwater sources, as much as possible. Water requirements vary throughout Occidental's operations due to the reservoir age, geological characteristics, the history of production and many other factors. Although improved oil recovery (IOR) and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) tend to require more water than operations that are in the primary recovery phase, Occidental strives to use non-freshwater and recycled or reused sources in place of freshwater in these operations. In many of Occidental's operations, the use of municipal potable water is limited to one percent or less of total water use.

Water Withdrawal
(cubic meters per day)
 

 

 

South Texas

 

Permian

Oman

 

Qatar

Recovery Phase

 

 

Primary

 

All

IOR

 

IOR

Products

 

 

Gas

 

Oil and gas

Oil and gas

Oil and gas

Withdrawal

Municipal potable freshwater

30

<5

<5

 

60

Other freshwater

   

130

 

25,000

<5

 

<5

Non-freshwater

   

70

 

4,650

88,000

 

287,690

Total

   

230

 

29,650

88,000

 

287,750

Freshwater,
percent of total use

   

71%

 

14%

<5%

 

<5%

Municipal potable water,
percent of total use

   

12%

 

<5%

<5%

 

<5%