Chlorine and Derivatives

Chlorine

Chlorine is one of the most abundant naturally occurring chemical elements. Its unique reactive properties allow it to bond with other chemical elements to form substances that are used in approximately 50 percent of all commercial chemistry. Chlorine is an important building block used to manufacture thousands of everyday products across many industries, including the automotive, construction, defense, electronics, food, health care and metal production. It is also essential to public health. Chlorine plays a vital role in keeping the world’s water supplies safe by controlling harmful bacteria and viruses.

To be used in manufacturing, chlorine must first be separated, via electrolysis, from the other elements with which it is combined. In this process an electrical current passes through brine and splits apart the positive sodium and negative chloride ions to form molecular chlorine gas. The chlorine gas is dried, chilled and pressurized or converted to liquid for storage or shipping.

Technical Information

Chlorine Handbook

Product Information

Liquid Chlorine

SDS Spec Sheet Kosher Certification

Liquid Chlorine (Pesticide)

SDS Spec Sheet NSF Listing Kosher Certification

Chlorinated Organics

OxyChem's chlorinated organics have a wide range of applications as both specialty and industrial chemicals. Chlorinated organics exhibit unique chemical properties, as they are remarkably stable, non-corrosive to most metals, are generally nonflammable, have low rates of evaporation and have low vapor pressures.

OxyChem’s chlorinated organics are used as chemical feedstock and intermediates in the manufacturing of silicones, agricultural chemicals, refrigerants, quaternary ammonium compounds and pharmaceuticals. Other applications for OxyChem chlorinated organics include metal and electronics cleaning, paint stripping, flexible foam manufacturing and catalyst regeneration. OxyChem is committed to the continued innovative development of new chlorinated organics to meet the needs of the chemical industry and respond to environmental initiatives.

Technical Information

Closed Loop Unloading of Solvent Tank Trailers

Dielectric Properties of Chlorinated Solvents

Liquid Dryers for Chlorinated Solvents

Product Transfer System Design Considerations for Top Unloaded Solvent Tank Cars

Chlorinated Organics Handbook

Methyl Chloride

Technical Information

Reaction of Methyl Chloride with Aluminum

Emission Control of Methyl Chloride Process Streams

Compressor Unloading of Methyl Chloride Tank Cars

Methyl Chloride Applications

Methyl Chloride Handbook

 Storage and Handling Hazards

Storage and Handling Requirements

Product Information

Methyl Chloride

SDS   Spec Sheet Kosher Certification

Methylene Chloride

Technical Information

Closed Loop Unloading of Solvent Tank Trailers

Methylene Chloride Temperature Density Table

Methylene Chloride Specific Gravity Temperature Table

Methylene Chloride Applications

Chlorinated Organics Handbook

Product Information

Methylene Chloride - Aerosol Grade

SDS Spec Sheet  

Methylene Chloride - Decaffeination Grade

SDS Spec Sheet  

Methylene Chloride - Degreasing Grade

SDS Spec Sheet  

Methylene Chloride - Special Grade

SDS Spec Sheet  

Methylene Chloride - Technical Grade

SDS Spec Sheet  

Chloroform

Technical Information

Chloroform Temperature Density Table

Chloroform Applications

Chlorinated Organics Handbook

Product Information

Chloroform – Fluorocarbon Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Chloroform – Alcohol Stabilized Grade (formerly NF)

SDS Spec Sheet

Chloroform – Technical Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Carbon Tetrachloride

Technical Information

Carbon Tetrachloride - Specific Gravity-Temperature Table

Carbon Tetrachloride - Temperature-Density Table

Chlorinated Organics Handbook

Product Information

Carbon Tetrachloride

SDS   Spec Sheet

Perchloroethylene

Technical Information

Perchloroethylene Use in Isomerization Processes

Perchloroethylene Temperature-Density Table

Perchloroethylene Applications

Chlorinated Organics Handbook

Product Information

Perchloroethylene - Industrial Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Perchloroethylene - Isomerization Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Perchloroethylene - Technical Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Perchloroethylene - Vapor Degreasing Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

 Perchloroethylene - Fluorocarbon (PTAP) Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Ethylene Dichloride

Ethylene dichloride (EDC) is primarily used in the production of vinyl chloride monomer, the precursor to polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It is produced by reacting chlorine or anhydrous hydrochloric acid with ethylene. Other applications include use as a solvent, fumigant, degreaser, paint remover, and chemical intermediate for other organic compounds.

Technical Information

Ethylene Dichloride Handbook

Ethylene Dichloride - Temperature-Density Table

Ethylene Dichloride - Specific Gravity-Temperature Table

Product Information

Ethylene Dichloride –  Technical Grade (Geismar)

SDS Spec Sheet

Ethylene Dichloride - Finished Grade

SDS Spec Sheet

Dechlorane Plus®

Dechlorane Plus flame-retardant additives are highly effective, aliphatic, chlorine-containing crystalline organic compounds, ground to free-flowing, white powders. They are usually combined with antimony oxide (Sb2O3), but in some resins they can be used with other synergists. The different grades produced by OxyChem are the same chemical compound, differing only in particle size. Dechlorane Plus additives typically are used as non-plasticizing flame retardants in polymeric systems.

Technical Information

Dechlorane Plus Handbook

 Product Information

Dechlorane Plus 25

SDS   Spec Sheet

Dechlorane Plus 35

SDS   Spec Sheet

Dechlorane Plus 515

SDS   Spec Sheet

Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is used in petroleum wells, ore reduction, food processing, as a pickling and metal cleaning agent, for pH adjustment, and in general cleaning.

Technical Information

Hydrochloric Acid Handbook

Venting Hydrochloric Acid Tanks

Calculated pH Values of Hydrochloric Acid Solutions

 Product Information

20° Bé Muriatic Acid (HCl) - Technical Grade

SDS   Spec Sheet NSF Listing  Kosher Certification

22° Bé Muriatic Acid (HCl) - Technical Grade

SDS   Spec Sheet NSF Listing  Kosher Certification

Hydrogen

Composed of a single proton and a single electron, hydrogen (H2) is the simplest and most abundant element in the universe. OxyChem produces hydrogen as a by-product of its chlorine and caustic soda production. It is available by pipeline to companies that specialize in marketing industrial gases or that burn hydrogen as a fuel.

Product Information

Hydrogen

SDS

Sodium Hypochlorite

The term “hypochlorite” refers to the salts of hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Since the acid is extremely unstable, most users handle the more stable hypochlorite solutions (salts) instead. These salts are prepared in solution by reacting chlorine with a strong alkali, such as caustic soda, or an alkaline earth hydroxide.

Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution is commonly known as a household bleach. At stronger concentrations, it is used for bleaching paper pulp and textiles. Other applications include chemical intermediate for the manufacture of organic chemicals, in water purification, medicine, fungicides, and swimming pool disinfectants and as a germicide.

Technical Information

Sodium Hypochlorite Handbook

Product Information

Sodium Hypochlorite

SDS   Spec Sheet

 Hazard Warning and Product Disclaimer

All chemicals products may be hazardous if improperly used, handled or stored.  Always ensure that you have consulted the latest Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for any chemical product before using, handling or storing a chemical product, and that you are wearing and using all appropriate safety equipment.

IMPORTANT:  The information presented herein, while not guaranteed, was prepared by technical personnel and is true and accurate to the best of our knowledge. NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR WARRANTY OR GUARANTY OF ANY OTHER KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IS MADE REGARDING PERFORMANCE, SAFETY, SUITABILITY, STABILITY OR OTHERWISE. This information is not intended to be all inclusive as to the manner and conditions of use, handling, storage, disposal and other factors that may involve other or additional legal, environmental, safety or performance considerations, and OxyChem and its affiliates (including, without limitation, Occidental Petroleum Corporation) assume no liability whatsoever for the use of or reliance upon this information. While our technical personnel will be happy to respond to questions, safe handling and use of the product remains the responsibility of the customer. No suggestions for use are intended as, and nothing herein shall be construed as, a recommendation to infringe any existing patents or to violate any Federal, State, local or foreign laws.